What are the secrets to productivity development at the national level?

Well, after many years experience in a range of countries, I would have to say “Don’t ask me”.

There is no panacea, no golden bullet.

If I had to offer any advice, it would be to ;

  • Get the macroeconomy right – reduce regulation, open up markets
  • Invest in infrastructure (especially communications – roads, ports, airports – and telecommunications)
  • Invest in skills  (basic, vocational and technical).
  • Be lucky!