All developing countries go through a stage of urbanisation – as people leave the countryside and flock to the cities in pursuit of a share of the wealth that cities create.
This generally results in higher national productivity.
However, those same countries need to address productivity in, and of, the countryside.
In a typical agriculture supply chain, there is plenty of scope for value to be lost – right from planting through to cropping, processing and distribution. The best producing countries maximise value at all stages in the process.
This has the advantage of retaining labour in the countryside – and helping balance the economy,